Feedback

X
Semantics and Morphosyntactic Variation

Semantics and Morphosyntactic Variation

1 Ungluer has Faved this Work
Systematic variation in form between semantic equivalents across languages is a key explanandum of linguistic theory. Two contrasting views of the role of lexical semantics in the analysis of such variation can be found in the literature: (1) uniformity, whereby lexical meaning is universal, and morphosyntactic variation arises from idiosyncratic differences in the inventory and phonological shape of language-particular functional material, and (2) transparency, whereby systematic variation in form arises from systematic variation in the meaning of basic lexical items. This volume contrasts these views as applied to the empirical domain of property concept sentences—sentences expressing adjectival predication and their translational equivalents across languages. Demonstrating that property concept sentences vary systematically between possessive and predicative form, the authors propose a transparentist analysis of this variation that links it to the lexical denotations of basic property concept lexemes. At the heart of the analysis are qualities: mass-like model-theoretic objects that closely resemble scales. The authors contrast their transparentist analysis with uniformitarian alternatives, demonstrating its theoretical and empirical advantages. They then show that the proposed theory of qualities can account for interesting and novel observations in two central domains of grammatical theory: the theory of lexical categories, and the theory of mass nouns. The overall results highlight the importance of the lexicon as a locus of generalizations about the limits of crosslinguistic variation.

This book is included in DOAB.

Why read this book? Have your say.

You must be logged in to comment.

Rights Information

Are you the author or publisher of this work? If so, you can claim it as yours by registering as an Unglue.it rights holder.

Downloads

This work has been downloaded 145 times via unglue.it ebook links.
  1. 88 - pdf (CC BY-NC-ND) at OAPEN Library.

Keywords

  • adjectives
  • Denotation
  • Grammar, syntax & morphology
  • Language
  • Lexeme
  • lexical categories
  • lexical semantics
  • Linguistics
  • Mass nouns
  • morphosyntactic variation
  • Part of speech
  • Predicate (grammar)
  • property concepts
  • qualities
  • semantic variation
  • Semantics & pragmatics
  • Semantics, discourse analysis, etc
  • Syntax

Links

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198744580.001.0001

Editions

edition cover
edition cover
edition cover

Share

Copy/paste this into your site: