Micronutrients Intake and Status during Pregnancy and Lactation

Micronutrients Intake and Status during Pregnancy and Lactation

0 Ungluers have Faved this Work
Optimal nutrition is important during pregnancy and lactation for the health of both the mother and infant. Chronic deficiencies of both macronutrients and micronutrients are well established in developing countries. Although in developed countries overconsumption of macronutrients is a major issue, micronutrient deficiencies which occur concomitantly are no less of a concern. Furthermore in developed countries there is also the risk of excessive micronutrient intake from dietary supplements. Micronutrients have a role in fetal and neonatal health and also health in later life. Micronutrient deficiency or toxicity during pregnancy or early life can permanently affect developing tissues, resulting in adverse growth and development of the infant which is associated with chronic diseases in adulthood. An aberrant micronutrient intake during pregnancy or lactation can also have detrimental effect on the mother both in the neonatal period and in later life.

This book is included in DOAB.

Why read this book? Have your say.

You must be logged in to comment.

Rights Information

Are you the author or publisher of this work? If so, you can claim it as yours by registering as an rights holder.


This work has been downloaded 41 times via ebook links.
  1. 14 - pdf (CC BY-NC-ND) at


  • birth cohort
  • body mass index
  • bone health
  • Breastfeeding
  • deficiency
  • developmental origins of health and disease
  • dietary intake
  • dietary intakes
  • dietary reference intakes (DRIs)
  • elemental metabolomics
  • energy intakes
  • fetal growth
  • folic acid
  • food-based recommendations
  • gestational diabetes
  • gestational duration
  • Infant
  • Infants
  • iodine
  • lactating
  • Lactation
  • Linear Programming
  • low birth weight
  • Malawi
  • Maternal
  • maternal anemia
  • micronutrient
  • micronutrition
  • neonate anthropometry
  • Optifood
  • Placenta
  • Pregnancy
  • pregnant
  • prenatal iron and folic acid (IFA) supplements
  • selenium
  • serum 25-OHD
  • supplements
  • trace elements
  • Vitamin D
  • Women
  • women of reproductive age


DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03897-841-1


edition cover
edition cover


Copy/paste this into your site: