The Role of Pregnancy Nutrition in Maternal and Offspring Health

The Role of Pregnancy Nutrition in Maternal and Offspring Health

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In pregnancy, maternal nutrition sustains and nourishes the developing child. Imbalances in either the direction of nutritional excess or deficiency can have adverse consequences for child health. In addition, more research now suggests that good pregnancy nutrition influences child health beyond pregnancy and delivery. This includes modifying the risk of child health outcomes as they enter childhood and adulthood through influences on placental development, hormonal pathways, and organ structure and function. Poor pregnancy nutrition may also compromise maternal health during pregnancy, which may have long-term consequences for women’s health. Understanding the biological and social mechanisms operating during pregnancy can help in the design of better clinical and public health interventions. This Special Issue on “The Role of Pregnancy Nutrition in Maternal and Offspring Health” includes etiological and mechanistic studies of pregnancy nutrition with short- and long-term maternal and child health outcomes, including original research, narrative reviews, and systematic reviews and meta-analyses. Together, this body of work provides important insights into the influence of dietary patterns, food groups, and nutrients on pregnancy outcomes, and long-term neurodevelopmental, respiratory, and metabolic health in the children. It also highlights nutritional consequences for specific groups of women, including those with pregnancy complications and eating disorders.

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  • Angiogenesis
  • Anorexia nervosa
  • Apoptosis
  • Asthma
  • Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity
  • Autism Spectrum Disorder
  • binge eating disorder
  • birth length
  • birth weight
  • birthweight
  • brain health
  • Breastfeeding
  • Bulimia Nervosa
  • Camellia
  • choline
  • Chronic Kidney Disease
  • developmental origins of health and disease
  • DHA
  • Diet
  • dietary behaviour
  • dietary habits
  • dietary screening
  • Dlx3
  • Docosahexaenoic acid
  • eating behavior
  • Eating Disorders
  • Echinacea
  • essential fatty acids
  • Etiology
  • eye function
  • fatty fish
  • Fetal Development
  • foetal growth
  • foetal programming
  • food clusters
  • food frequency questionnaire
  • food-related IgG
  • Fortification
  • gestational age
  • gestational diabetes
  • Ghrelin
  • head circumference
  • human milk
  • hypothalamic inflammation
  • immunomodulators
  • infant nutrition
  • Inflammation
  • Insufficiency
  • iodine
  • Lactation
  • large for gestational age (LGA)
  • lifestyle intervention
  • maternal nutrition
  • Mediterranean Diet
  • Meta-analysis
  • Microglia
  • Micronutrients
  • neonatal outcomes
  • Neurodevelopmental Disorders
  • non-IgE-mediated food reactions
  • Nutrition
  • nutritional programing
  • Obesity
  • obesity prevention
  • offspring health
  • Omega-3
  • Panax
  • Placenta
  • placental insufficiency
  • placental transport
  • plant-based diets
  • Preeclampsia
  • Pregnancy
  • pregnancy nutrition
  • pregnancy outcomes
  • Preterm Birth
  • preterm labor
  • Probiotics
  • purging
  • Rhodiola
  • SGA
  • sirtuin
  • small for gestational age (SGA)
  • social experiment
  • systematic review
  • vegan diets
  • vegetarian diets
  • Vitamin D
  • weaning


DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-997-1


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