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Molecular Basis of Apomixis in Plants

Molecular Basis of Apomixis in Plants

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Apomixis is the consequence of a concerted mechanism that harnesses the sexual machinery and coordinates developmental steps in the ovule to produce an asexual (clonal) seed. Altered sexual developments involve widely characterized functional and anatomical changes in meiosis, gametogenesis, and embryo and endosperm formation. The ovules of apomictic plants skip meiosis and form unreduced female gametophytes whose egg cells develop into a parthenogenetic embryo, and the central cells may or may not fuse to a sperm to develop the seed endosperm. Thus, functional apomixis involves at least three components, apomeiosis, parthenogenesis, and endosperm development, modified from sexual reproduction that must be coordinated at the molecular level to progress through the developmental steps and form a clonal seed. Despite recent progress uncovering specific genes related to apomixis-like phenotypes and the formation of clonal seeds, the molecular basis and regulatorynetwork of apomixis is still unknown. This is a central problem underlying the current limitations of apomixis breeding. This book collates twelve publications addressing different topics around the molecular basis of apomixis, illustrating recent discoveries and advances toward understanding the genetic regulation of the trait, discussing the possible origins of apomixis and the remaining challenges for its commercial deployment in plants.

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Keywords

  • 5-azacytidine
  • Abscisic Acid
  • agamospermy
  • amplicon sequencing
  • apomeiosis
  • Apomixis
  • apomixis evolution
  • apospory
  • APOSTART
  • autonomous endosperm
  • basal angiosperms (ANA-grade)
  • character segregation
  • clonal seeds
  • CRISPR/Cas9
  • crop biotechnology
  • dandelion
  • dicotyledon
  • differentially expressed genes
  • diplospory
  • drought stress
  • Endosperm
  • Evolution
  • expression profiling
  • fluridone
  • gene regulation
  • Genetics
  • Genome editing
  • germline
  • haploid progeny
  • heterosis
  • heterosis capture
  • Hieracium piloselloides
  • Hybridization
  • Meiosis
  • metabolic homeostasis
  • microarrays
  • molecular breeding
  • n/a
  • Oxidative Stress
  • parthenogenesis
  • PHYTOENE DESATURASE (PDS)
  • Plant breeding
  • plant development
  • plant reproduction
  • Poa pratensis
  • polycomb-group proteins
  • polyploidy
  • PsASGR-BBML
  • pseudogamy
  • Ranunculus
  • recombination
  • Reference, information & interdisciplinary subjects
  • reproductive systems
  • Research & information: general
  • ribosome
  • RNA helicase
  • RNA-Seq
  • sexual development
  • Sexuality
  • sporocyteless
  • sporogenesis
  • stress response
  • sucrose non-fermenting-related protein kinase
  • Taraxacum
  • Tissue culture
  • weeping lovegrass

Links

DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-0365-1507-6

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