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The Iliad of Homer

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An account, in the form of an epic poem written in dactylic hexameter, long thought to be pure Greek mythology, of a Bronze-Age conflict between the Greeks of Sparta, and those of Troy, in Phrygia, (in modern times, northwestern Anatolia, Turkey). Attributed to a sightless poet simply known as Homer, of which little is known, this epic poem was most probably created over several centuries, perhaps during the so-called Geometric Age (c. 900-700 BCE), by many authors in an oral tradition, before the adoption of writing, when it was not uncommon to be able to recite (or sing), verbatim, book-length poetic works, which were passed down by recitation over generations. Eventually, when the Greeks adopted and modified the Phonecian alphabet for their own language, the Iliad (literally, 'The Saga [or Song] of Ilium') took on a codified, written form around 735±25 BCE. Since then it has been rendered in countless versions and translations from ancient times to the present and remains one of the earliest and most well-known works of Western literature. From this tale spring the legends of the beautiful Helen of Troy ('the face that launched a thousand ships'), swift-footed Achilles, the Trojan Horse, the humiliation of Hector and such memorable literary tropes as 'the rosey fingers of dawn'. Famously, Alexander the Great (358-323 BCE), slept with a copy of the Iliad under his pillow and his campaign of revenge against the Persian Empire may have been motivated in part by his identification with the heroic exploits of Achilles. In the 19th century, Heinrich Schliemann (1822-1890) was inspired to prove the reality of the Iliad, although his methods and results have been highly criticized, he did much to establish that a Trojan War, in one form or another, had probably acted as the initial inspiration for the Iliad.

Iliad is a translation of this work.

伊利亚特 is a translation of this work.

La Ilíada is a translation of this work.

Iliade is a translation of this work.

Ílias is a translation of this work.

Ilias is a translation of this work.

La Ilíada is a translation of this work.

Илиада ; Одиссея is a translation of this work.

Ilias is a translation of this work.

Iliaden is a translation of this work.

Iliaden is a translation of this work.

İlyada is a translation of this work.

Iliada is a translation of this work.

Iliade is a translation of this work.

Ilias is a translation of this work.

Íliász is a translation of this work.

Ilias is a translation of this work.

Iliaden is a translation of this work.

ILIADA is a translation of this work.

Iliaden is a translation of this work.

荷马史诗·伊利亚特 is a translation of this work.

Iliad is a translation of this work.

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Keywords

  • Accessible book
  • Achilles (Greek mythology)
  • Achilles (Greek mythology) in literature
  • adventure
  • Aquiles (Mitología griega)
  • Classical literature
  • Criticism and interpretation
  • dactylic hexameter
  • Early works to 1800
  • English language
  • epic poem
  • Fiction
  • grammar
  • Gree Epic poetry
  • Greek Epic poetry
  • Greek Gods
  • Greek language
  • Greek Mythology
  • Greek poetry
  • Greeks
  • Guerra de Troya
  • Hector (Legendary character)
  • Helen of Troy (Greek mythology)
  • Hexameter
  • History and criticism
  • Homer
  • In library
  • Juvenile poetry
  • Latin American literature
  • LITERARY COLLECTIONS / Ancient, Classical & Medieval
  • Literatura grega clássica
  • Literature and the war
  • Literature in Spanish
  • Medieval and modern Latin literature
  • Miami University (Oxford, Ohio)
  • Miami University (Oxford, Ohio). Erodelphian Society
  • Odysseus (Greek mythology)
  • Open Library Staff Picks
  • Papyrus Bodmer
  • Poesía
  • Poesia épica
  • Poesía épica griega
  • POESIAS EPICAS GRIEGAS
  • Poetry
  • Popular Print Disabled Books
  • Protected DAISY
  • Readers
  • Textual Criticism
  • Traducciones al español
  • Translations
  • Translations into Arabic
  • Translations into Armenian
  • Translations into Chinese
  • Translations into Dutch
  • Translations into English
  • Translations into French
  • Translations into German
  • Translations into Icelandic
  • Translations into Irish
  • Translations into Italian
  • Translations into Latin
  • Translations into Spanish
  • Translations into Turkish
  • Translations into Ukrainian
  • Trojan War
  • Versification

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