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Plant Genetics and Molecular Breeding

Plant Genetics and Molecular Breeding

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The development of new plant varieties is a long and tedious process involving the generation of large seedling populations for the selection of the best individuals. While the ability of breeders to generate large populations is almost unlimited, the selection of these seedlings is the main factor limiting the generation of new cultivars. Molecular studies for the development of marker-assisted selection (MAS) strategies are particularly useful when the evaluation of the character is expensive, time-consuming, or with long juvenile periods. The papers published in the Special Issue “Plant Genetics and Molecular Breeding” report highly novel results and testable new models for the integrative analysis of genetic (phenotyping and transmission of agronomic characters), physiology (flowering, ripening, organ development), genomic (DNA regions responsible for the different agronomic characters), transcriptomic (gene expression analysis of the characters), proteomic (proteins and enzymes involved in the expression of the characters), metabolomic (secondary metabolites), and epigenetic (DNA methylation and histone modifications) approaches for the development of new MAS strategies. These molecular approaches together with an increasingly accurate phenotyping will facilitate the breeding of new climate-resilient varieties resistant to abiotic and biotic stress, with suitable productivity and quality, to extend the adaptation and viability of the current varieties.

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Keywords

  • ABA
  • abiotic stress
  • Actinidia deliciosa
  • AdRAP2.3
  • Aechmea fasciata
  • agronomic efficiency
  • agronomic traits
  • anther wall
  • Anthocyanin
  • AP2/ERF genes
  • As3+ stress
  • bisulfite sequencing
  • BRANCHED1 (BRC1)
  • branching
  • Brassica
  • Brassica napus
  • Brassica oleracea
  • bread wheat
  • Breeding
  • broccoli
  • bromeliad
  • Bryum argenteum
  • bud abortion
  • bulk segregant RNA-seq
  • Cabbage
  • candidate gene
  • candidate genes
  • Chimonanthus praecox
  • Chrysanthemum morifolium
  • Cicer arietinum
  • Clone
  • common wild rice
  • complex traits
  • cry2A gene
  • Cucumis sativus L.
  • CYC2
  • cytoplasmic male sterile
  • cytoplasmic male sterility (CMS)
  • cZR3
  • D-genome
  • DEGs
  • DgWRKY2
  • differentially expressed genes
  • drought stress
  • durum wheat
  • Elongated Internode (EI)
  • endosperm appearance
  • endosperm development
  • epigenetics
  • ethylene-responsive factor
  • FAD2
  • floral scent
  • Flower color
  • flower symmetry
  • flowering
  • flowering time
  • GA2ox7
  • Gene expression
  • gene expression pattern
  • gene pyramiding
  • gene-by-gene interaction
  • Genes
  • Genetics
  • Genome-Wide Association Study
  • Genome-wide association study (GWAS)
  • Genomics
  • genotyping-by-sequencing
  • Ghd7
  • Glycine
  • Green tissue-specific expression
  • gynomonoecy
  • haplotype block
  • Hd1
  • heat-stress
  • Heterodera schachtii
  • Hs1pro-1
  • hybrid rice
  • Idesia polycarpa var
  • iTRAQ
  • leaf shape
  • light-induced
  • linoleic acid
  • MADS transcription factor
  • marker–trait association
  • Metallothionein
  • molecular breeding
  • molecular markers
  • n/a
  • near-isogenic line (NIL)
  • nectary
  • NPK fertilizers
  • nutrient use efficiency
  • Ogura-CMS
  • oleic acid
  • Oryza sativa
  • Oryza sativa L.
  • OsCDPK1
  • OsGPAT3
  • overexpression
  • P. suffruticosa
  • partial factor productivity
  • particle bombardment
  • phenolic acids
  • Phytohormones
  • plant architecture
  • pollen accumulation
  • pollen development
  • Promoter
  • protein-protein interaction
  • Prunus
  • QTL
  • quantitative trait loci
  • quantitative trait loci (QTLs), molecular markers
  • R2R3-MYB
  • recombination-suppressed region
  • Régulation
  • reproductive organ
  • Resistance
  • Rice
  • rice quality
  • RNA-Seq
  • root traits
  • Rosa rugosa
  • RrGT2 gene
  • salt stress
  • Salvia miltiorrhiza
  • seed development, starch biosynthesis
  • sesame
  • Single nucleotide polymorphism
  • SmJMT
  • soybean
  • squamosa promoter binding protein-like
  • starch
  • stem borer
  • Stress Tolerance
  • subcellular localization
  • sucrose
  • sugarcane
  • tapetum
  • TCP transcription factor
  • the modified MutMap method
  • Tobacco
  • tomato
  • transcriptional regulation
  • transcriptome
  • transgenic
  • transgenic chrysanthemum
  • transient overexpression
  • VIGS
  • waterlogging stress
  • WB1
  • WRKY
  • WRKY transcription factor
  • WUS
  • yellow-green-leaf mutant
  • yield
  • yield trait
  • Zea mays L.
  • ZmES22

Links

DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-176-0

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