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Thioredoxin and Glutaredoxin Systems

Thioredoxin and Glutaredoxin Systems

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This Special Issue features recent data concerning thioredoxins and glutaredoxins from various biological systems, including bacteria, mammals, and plants. Four of the sixteen articles are review papers that deal with the regulation of development of the effect of hydrogen peroxide and the interactions between oxidants and reductants, the description of methionine sulfoxide reductases, detoxification enzymes that require thioredoxin or glutaredoxin, and the response of plants to cold stress, respectively. This is followed by eleven research articles that focus on a reductant of thioredoxin in bacteria, a thioredoxin reductase, and a variety of plant and bacterial thioredoxins, including the m, f, o, and h isoforms and their targets. Various parameters are studied, including genetic, structural, and physiological properties of these systems. The redox regulation of monodehydroascorbate reductase, aminolevulinic acid dehydratase, and cytosolic isocitrate dehydrogenase could have very important consequences in plant metabolism. Also, the properties of the mitochondrial o-type thioredoxins and their unexpected capacity to bind iron–sulfur center (ISC) structures open new developments concerning the redox mitochondrial function and possibly ISC assembly in mitochondria. The final paper discusses interesting biotechnological applications of thioredoxin for breadmaking.

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Keywords

  • Adult Stem Cells
  • ageing
  • ALAD
  • Antioxidants
  • Arabidopsis thaliana
  • Ascorbate
  • Baking
  • Calvin cycle
  • Calvin-Benson cycle
  • carbon fixation
  • chilling stress
  • Chlamydomonas reinhardtii
  • chlorophyll
  • chloroplast
  • cold temperature
  • Cyanobacteria
  • cysteine alkylation
  • cysteine reactivity
  • Development
  • disulfide
  • dough rheology
  • electrostatic surface
  • ferredoxin-thioredoxin reductase
  • flavin
  • function
  • glutaredoxin
  • Glutathione
  • glutathionylation
  • H2O2
  • iron–sulfur cluster
  • Isocitrate dehydrogenase
  • legume plant
  • macromolecular crystallography
  • MALDI-TOF mass spectrometry
  • metazoan
  • methanoarchaea
  • methionine
  • methionine oxidation
  • methionine sulfoxide
  • methionine sulfoxide reductase
  • methionine sulfoxide reductases
  • Mitochondria
  • monodehydroascorbate reductase
  • n/a
  • NADPH
  • nitrosylation
  • oxidized protein repair
  • Photosynthesis
  • physiological function
  • Plant
  • plastidial
  • posttranslational modification
  • Protein
  • protein oxidation
  • protein-protein recognition
  • proteomic
  • redox
  • redox active site
  • redox control
  • redox homeostasis
  • redox regulation
  • redox signalling
  • Regeneration
  • Régulation
  • Repair
  • ROS
  • SAXS
  • signaling
  • Specificity
  • Stress
  • Symbiosis
  • tetrapyrrole biosynthesis
  • thiol redox network
  • thioredoxin
  • thioredoxin reductase
  • thioredoxins
  • water stress
  • wheat
  • X-ray crystallography

Links

DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03897-837-4

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