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Bioactive Components in Fermented Foods and Food By-Products

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Food fermentation is one of the most ancient processes of food production that has historically been used to extend food shelf life and to enhance its organoleptic properties. However, several studies have demonstrated that fermentation is also able to increase the nutritional value and/or digestibility of food. Firstly, microorganisms are able to produce huge amounts of secondary metabolites with excellent health benefits and preservative properties (i.e., antimicrobial activity). Secondarily, fermented foods contain living organisms that contribute to the modulation of the host physiological balance, which constitutes an opportunity to enrich the diet with new bioactive molecules. Indeed, some microorganisms can increase the levels of numerous bioactive compounds (e.g., vitamins, antioxidant compounds, peptides, etc.). Moreover, recent advances in fermentation have focused on food by-products; in fact, they are a source of potentially bioactive compounds that, after fermentation, could be used as ingredients for nutraceuticals and functional food formulations. Because of that, understanding the benefits of food fermentation is a growing field of research in nutrition and food science. This book aims to present the current knowledge and research trends concerning the use of fermentation technologies as sustainable and GRAS processes for food and nutraceutical production.

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Keywords

  • ?-aminobutyric acid
  • ?-aminobutyric acid (GABA)
  • ?-aminobutyric acid GABA
  • ?-glucosidase
  • aglycones
  • amaranth flour
  • antithrombotic
  • beer
  • bioactive compounds
  • bioactive peptides
  • Biogenic Amines
  • Blakeslea trispora
  • brewer’s spent grain
  • by-products
  • Cardiovascular Disease
  • chemical refining
  • Dicentrarhus labrax
  • fatty acid profile
  • Fermentation
  • Fish Oil
  • food by-products
  • food fermentation
  • Fungi
  • grains
  • grapevine
  • histidine decarboxylase (hdc) gene
  • hops
  • indoleamines
  • isoflavones
  • Lactic acid bacteria
  • lactobacilli
  • Liquid chromatography
  • lycopene
  • orange powder
  • Pecorino di Farindola
  • Penicillium citrinum
  • phenolic compounds
  • platelet-activating factor
  • polar lipids
  • raw milk ewe’s cheese
  • sourdough
  • soybean extract
  • Sparus aurata
  • thrombin
  • Thunnus thynnus
  • tyrosine decarboxylase (tdc) gene
  • UHPLC/ESI-QTRAP
  • vegetable oil
  • volatile components
  • wine

Links

DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03928-852-6

Editions

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