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Dietary Plant Origin Bio-Active Compounds, Intestinal Functionality and Microbiome

Dietary Plant Origin Bio-Active Compounds, Intestinal Functionality and Microbiome

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Plant-based diets contain a plethora of metabolites that may impact on health and disease prevention. Most are focused on the potential bioactivity and nutritional relevance of several classes of phytochemicals, such as polyphenols, flavonoids, carotenoids, phyto-oestrogens, and frucrooligo-saccharides. These compounds are found in fruit, vegetables, and herbs. Daily intakes of some of these compounds may exceed 100 mg. Moreover, intestinal bacterial activity may transform complex compounds such as anthocyanins, procyanidins, and isoflavones into simple phenolic metabolites. The colon is thus a rich source of potentially active phenolic acids that may impact both locally and systemically on gut health. Further, nondigestible fiber (prebiotics) are dietary substrates that selectively promote proliferation and/or activity of health-promoting bacterial populations in the colon. Prebiotics, such as inulin, raffinose, and stachyose, have a proven ability to promote the abundance of intestinal bacterial populations, which may provide additional health benefits to the host. Further, various pulse seed soluble (fiber) extracts are responsible for improving gastrointestinal motility, intestinal functionality and morphology, and mineral absorption. Studies indicated that the consumption of seed origin soluble extracts can upregulate the expression of BBM proteins that contribute for digestion and absorption of nutrients.

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Keywords

  • acrylamide
  • antioxidant
  • artichoke
  • bacterial strains
  • beneficial microorganisms
  • bifidobacteria
  • bio active compound
  • bio-active compounds
  • bioavailability
  • Biology, Life Sciences
  • Breast cancer
  • brush border membrane
  • brush border membrane functional genes
  • Cancer
  • celiac disease
  • cereal
  • cichoric acid
  • colon
  • Cultural Studies
  • Cytotoxicity
  • dexamethasone
  • Fermentation
  • Flow Cytometry
  • Food & society
  • Fructose
  • Fruit
  • Fungi
  • Gallus gallus
  • gluten-free
  • Gut Microbiota
  • herbicide
  • human cell culture
  • in vivo
  • intestinal bacterial populations
  • intestinal gluconeogenesis
  • intestinal microbiota
  • intestine
  • intra amniotic (in ovo) administration
  • intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR)
  • Iron
  • Iron deficiency
  • iron gene expression
  • Lactic acid bacteria
  • legume
  • Mathematics & science
  • mesotrione
  • metal complexes
  • microbiome
  • microbiota
  • non-celiac gluten sensitivity
  • oats
  • Oxidative Stress
  • PEA
  • pectin
  • phytate
  • plant origin
  • Prebiotic
  • Prebiotics
  • probiotic
  • Probiotics
  • pseudocereal
  • Reference, information & interdisciplinary subjects
  • Research & information: general
  • rhamnogalacturonan
  • SCFA
  • SCFAs
  • SHIME┬«
  • Society & culture: general
  • Society & Social Sciences
  • staple food crops
  • synbiotic
  • teff
  • transepithelial electrical resistance (TEER)
  • traumatic acid
  • vegetable drink
  • viability
  • villus surface area
  • Zinc deficiency
  • zinc gene expression

Links

DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03943-866-2

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